Difference between revisions of "Different ways to do the same thing"

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'''There are often "different ways to do the same thing" in Second Life, or in other words, various paths to one goal.''' For example, a newcomer may prefer using the mouse to clicking menu options, but when you know there are keyboard shortcuts — which "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_user power users]" generally prefer — you can graduate to those. Here are some quick examples and check out the [[#See also|"See also" links to more info]] at the bottom.
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{{KBtip|The below video shows Mac shortcuts, but you can easily "translate" to PC shortcuts. [[PC and Mac shortcut key differences|See "PC and Mac shortcut key differences".]]}}
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: {{KBvideo|NRrUxXplmuY|640|385|type=youtube}}
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== Right-clicking ==
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A simple rule of thumb: ''right-click everywhere''. You may discover quicker access to options you normally would have to travel further for. Here's a video that readily illustrates this:
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: {{KBvideo|vV6fRuPpO2k|640|505|type=youtube}}
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{{KBtip|If you're on an older Mac, [[PC_and_Mac_shortcut_key_differences|as explained here]], you should get a multi-button mouse, which will save you the pain of repeatedly {{K|Cmd}}-clicking.}}
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== Menus ==
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Many menu items, especially broadly useful ones, have keyboard shortcuts listed next to them. These shortcuts differ depending on your operating system (Windows, Mac, Linux).
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Keyboard shortcuts that are single letters (for example, {{k|G}} for '''Build''' > '''Options''' > '''Snap to Grid''') only work if inworld — instead of the chat bar — has focus. Press {{k|Esc}} or simply click inworld, like near your avatar, to give inworld focus.
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== Movement controls ==
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In the Viewer's user interface, there's the '''Move''' controls. All of these have keyboard equivalents, which is the more common usage. Advanced users can [[remap keys]].
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{| {{KBtable}}
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|- {{KBtablehead}}
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! width="20%" |
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! width="20%" | "Special" keys
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! width="20%" | "Letter" keys (when chat bar doesn't have focus)
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|-
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| Walk forward
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| align="center" | {{k|↑}}
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| align="center" | {{k|W}}
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|-
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| Walk backward
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| align="center" | {{k|↓}}
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| align="center" | {{k|S}}
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|-
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| Turn left (strafe left in {{xref|mouselook}})
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| align="center" | {{k|←}}
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| align="center" | {{k|A}}
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|-
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| Turn right (strafe left in {{xref|mouselook}})
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| align="center" | {{k|→}}
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| align="center" | {{k|D}}
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|-
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| Walk left
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} {{k|←}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} {{k|A}}
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|-
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| Walk right
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} {{k|→}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} {{k|D}}
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|-
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| Run forward
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| align="center" | tap tap {{k|↑}}
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| align="center" | tap tap {{k|W}}
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|-
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| Run backward
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| align="center" | tap tap {{k|↓}}
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| align="center" | tap tap {{k|S}}
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|-
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| Run left
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} tap tap {{k|←}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} tap tap {{k|A}}
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|-
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| Run right
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} tap tap {{k|→}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Shift}} tap tap {{k|D}}
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|-
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| Jump
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| align="center" | tap {{k|Page Up}}
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| align="center" | tap {{k|E}}
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|-
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| Fly (toggle)
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| align="center" | tap {{k|Home}}
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| align="center" | tap {{k|F}}
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|-
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| Fly up
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| align="center" | hold {{k|Page Up}}
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| align="center" | hold {{k|E}}
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|-
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| Fly down (or crouch, when on the ground)
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| align="center" | hold {{k|Page Down}}
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| align="center" | hold {{k|C}}
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|}
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You can also mouse-steer your avatar by holding the left mouse button on your avatar (or your name tag) to choose a direction, then use the movement keys shown above.
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You can "always run" (meaning you don't have to double-tap and hold a key to run) by choosing [[Advanced menu|'''Advanced''' menu]] > '''Shortcuts ''' > '''Always Run'''.
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If you'd prefer to disable double-tap to run:
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# Choose '''Me''' menu > '''Preferences'''.
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# Click the '''Advanced''' tab.
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# Uncheck '''Tap-tap hold to run'''.
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# Click '''OK'''.
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If you want the arrow keys to ''always'' move your avatar (in other words, the arrow keys won't move the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_beam I-beam cursor] when it's in the chat bar and certain other places):
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# Choose '''Me''' menu > '''Preferences'''.
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# Click the '''Advanced''' tab.
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# Check '''Arrow keys always move me'''.
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# Click '''OK'''.
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This video demonstrates the above options:
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: {{KBvideo|ogRvqjSndIw|640|385|type=youtube}}
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== Camera controls ==
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In the Viewer's user interface, there's the '''Camera''' controls. Like '''Move''', all camera controls have keyboard equivalents. These shortcuts are more complicated than movement controls because they require pressing several keys (and/or the left mouse button) simultaneously, so there's a healthy proportion of Residents using one way or the other — or both.
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{| {{KBtable}}
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|- {{KBtablehead}}
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! width="20%" |
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! width="20%" | "Special keys" keyboard shortcut
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! width="20%" | "Letter keys" keyboard shortcut
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! width="20%" | Mouse-inclusive equivalent
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|-
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| Change focus point and center it in the Viewer window
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt}} + left-click
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|-
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| Zoom camera in
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|↑}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|W}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt}} + hold left mouse button and drag up
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|-
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| Zoom camera out
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|↓}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|S}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt}} + hold left mouse button and drag down
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|-
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| Zoom in<br /><font size="1">(different than "Zoom camera" above, changes view angle, not distance)</font>
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| align="center" | {{k|Ctrl|0}}
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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|-
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| Zoom default<br /><font size="1">(different than "Zoom camera" above, changes view angle, not distance)</font>
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| align="center" | {{k|Ctrl|9}}
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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|-
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| Zoom out<br /><font size="1">(different than "Zoom camera" above, changes view angle, not distance)</font>
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| align="center" | {{k|Ctrl|8}}
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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| align="center" | ''n/a''
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|-
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| Orbit up
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctr|↑}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|W}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl}} + hold left mouse button and drag up
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|-
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| Orbit down
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|↓}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|S}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl}} + hold left mouse button and drag down
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|-
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| Orbit left
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|←}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|W}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl}} + hold left mouse button and drag left
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|-
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| Orbit right
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|→}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|S}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl}} + hold left mouse button and drag right
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|-
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| Pan up
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|↑}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|W}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift}} + hold left mouse button and drag down
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|-
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| Pan down
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|↓}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|S}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift}} + hold left mouse button and drag up
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|-
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| Pan left
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|←}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|A}}<br /><font size="1">(This conflicts with the shortcut for Debug Avatar Textures)</font>
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift}} + hold left mouse button and drag right
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|-
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| Pan right
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|→}}
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift|D}}<br /><font size="1">(This conflicts with the shortcut for enabling the [[Advanced menu]])</font>
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| align="center" | {{k|Alt|Ctrl|Shift}} + hold left mouse button and drag left
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|}
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Another variant of the camera controls is found in '''Build''' menu > '''Focus Tool''', where the keyboard shortcuts are different because of the following subtleties in build mode:
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* Only mouse-inclusive shortcuts will work because the build tools' fields have focus.
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* You don't need to hold down {{k|Alt}}.
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* If you prefer, you can simply click '''Zoom''', '''Orbit''', or '''Pan''' and not have to use any keys.
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For example, to orbit up in build mode, instead of {{k|Alt|Ctrl|↑}}, you do {{k|Ctrl|↑}} + hold left mouse button and drag up.
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== See also ==
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These pages have more info about the above. Note some of it is outdated from Viewer 1.23 and needs to be updated for Viewer 2, so if you're feeling like making contributions, go ahead!
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* '''[[Shortcut keys]]''', which relates to:
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** '''[[PC and Mac shortcut key differences]]'''
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** '''[[All keyboard shortcut keys]]'''
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* '''[[Remap keys]]'''
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* '''[[Camera]]'''
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Latest revision as of 09:29, 12 January 2012

Redirecting to http://community.secondlife.com/t5/English-Knowledge-Base/Keyboard-shortcuts/ta-p/1086557