Difference between revisions of "LSL Style Guide/ja"

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Effective programming in LSL requires that developers use a disciplined practice for applying formatting and convention to their scripts.  
 
Effective programming in LSL requires that developers use a disciplined practice for applying formatting and convention to their scripts.  

Revision as of 22:38, 24 December 2007

現在翻訳作業中です...(これは翻訳作業者が、作業中であることを明示するために挿入した一文です。)

Effective programming in LSL requires that developers use a disciplined practice for applying formatting and convention to their scripts.

These guidelines, referred to collectively as a Style Guide, are not as rigid as the rules required by the language compiler but nonetheless are critical to creating maintainable code. The most critical aspect of a style is that you apply it consistently to the code you write.

General Guidelines

Most people, when they start programming on their own, will have programs that are UGLY to look at; to put it nicely. They usually look like the following:

   default {state_entry(){llSay(0,"Hello World.");}}

However, that code is impossible to read (or at least to follow) when one is writing a ten thousand word program. Therefore, programmers have two main methods as to bracketing and indenting.


Method One:

    default {
        state_entry() {
            llSay(0, "Hello World.");
        }
    }

Method Two:

    default
    {
        state_entry()
        {
            llSay(0, "Hello World.");
        }
    }

Method One conserves space, however Method Two is easier to read for the beginner. Once a scripter is the practice of using a particular style, reading code in that style will be easier. Consistent indenting makes reading both styles easier. In Method One indenting is the key indicating factor of levels of scope.

Naming Conventions

There are many naming conventions in Second Life. Only the most used ones will be listed below.


Global Variables (variables used through out the entire program) should begin with a lowercase g. For Example:

    integer gSelected = 0;
    string  gMyName = "Please set one";


Variable Constants should be in ALL CAPS. For Example:

    integer CHAT_CHAN = -517265;
    key OWNER_KEY = llGetOwner();


Arguments used within a user defined function or an event should start with an underline (_). For Example:

    listen( integer _channel, string _name, key _id, string _message )
    {
        if ( _channel == 1 || _id == llGetOwner() )
        	llOwnerSay("Hello Avatar");
    }

Separating Code

Many people will start out doing many, many function calls on one line. This makes the code hard to read, and almost impossible to debug. The following is an example of one such program:

list lst;
integer numDigits = 10;
default {

   touch_start(integer n) {
       integer i = 0;
       integer index = llListFindList(lst, [llToLower(llGetSubString(llList2String(llParseString2List(llKey2Name(llDetectedKey(i)), [" "], []), 0), 0, numDigits - 1))]);
       if (!~llListFindList(lst, [llToLower(llGetSubString(llList2String(llParseString2List(llKey2Name(llDetectedKey(i)), [" "], []), 0), 0, numDigits - 1))]))
           lst += llToLower(llGetSubString(llList2String(llParseString2List(llKey2Name(llDetectedKey(i)), [" "], []), 0), 0, numDigits - 1));
       llOwnerSay(llList2CSV(lst));
   }

}

Now here is the code, with the exact same features, in a simpler way. While hardly anyone could tell you what the above code did, almost everyone can tell you what the below code does.

list lst;
integer numDigits = 10;

default {
    touch_start(integer n) {
        integer i = 0;
        string name = llKey2Name(llDetectedKey(i));
        list nameAsList = llParseString2List(name, [" "], []);
        string firstName = llList2String(nameAsList, 0);
        string startPart = llToLower(llGetSubString(firstName, 0, numDigits - 1));
        integer index = llListFindList(lst, (list)startPart);
        if (!~index)
            lst += startPart;
        llOwnerSay(llList2CSV(lst));
    }
}

LSL lacks an optimizing compiler. For this reason it may be necessary to balance the two style to get faster code. Line combination optimization should only be done after the code is working & bug free. Improper optimization can lead to wrong results. Always test optimized code thoroughly.

list lst;
integer numDigits = 10;

default {
    touch_start(integer n) {
        integer i = 0;
        string startPart = llToLower(llGetSubString(llList2String(llParseString2List(llKey2Name(llDetectedKey(i)), [" "], []), 0), 0, numDigits - 1));
        if (!~llListFindList(lst, (list)startPart))
            lst += startPart;
        llOwnerSay(llList2CSV(lst));
    }
}

Script Structure

LSL scripts are comprised of expressions, functions, statements, event handlers and states. The LSL compiler mandates a certain structure to scripts:

  1. User Defined Variables (see LSL_Variables)
  2. User Defined Functions (see User-defined_functions)
  3. default State (see State)
  4. User Defined States

Editor

There are many 3rd party editors with LSL syntax files. See LSL Alternate Editors for more information.