User:Jeff Kelley/Multichannel Audio

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   WORK IN PROGRESS

Introduction

Since QuickTime 7, it is possible to deliver multichannel audio. Second Life streamed audio relies on QuickTime and inherits this capability without further work.

Producing a multichannel audio movie

Step 1: Produce an interleaved multichannel WAV file

We are using ProTools. Bounce a multichannel session to Stereo interleaved format:

PT Multichannel Track.png

Step 2: Open with QuickTime Pro

Choose menu 'Show Movie Properties', select 'Sound Track', select 'Audio Settings' tab:

QT Audio Tracks Assign.png

Step 3: Export to QuickTime Movie

Choose 'Export', 'Movie to QuickTime Movie', 'Options', 'Sound Settings', 'Channels'.

QT Audio Tracks Export.png

Step 4: Stream the usual way

Using an HTTP server and Second Life's 'About Land > Media'.


Playing multichannel audio

QuickTime multichannel audio support

Channels Assignements

L Left
R Right
C Center
LFE LFE Screen
Ls Left Surround
Rs Right Surround
Lc Left Center
Rc Right Center
Cs Center Surround
Rls Rear Surround Left
Rrs Rear Surround Right

Note: For a full-reference, see http://developer.apple.com/documentation/MusicAudio/Reference/CACoreAudioReference/CoreAudioTypes/CompositePage.html


Note: QuickTime also support the following recording formats: XY Stereo, MS Stereo, WXYZ Ambisonic (B-Format). The latter is especially interesting for immersive 3D with soundfield recordings. Although consumer multichannel audio supports only surround formats, some succes has been achieved matrixing ambisonics to surround. See Robert Miller, AES 2003 http://www.ambiophonics.org/AESJune2003/AES_June_2003_1.htm

Multichannel Mixing and Surround Formats

Format Channels Layout
Mono 1 C
Stereo 2 L R
Cinema Stereo 3 L C R
Quadraphonic 4 L R Lr Rr
Dolby ProLogic 4 L C R S
Film (Dolby Digital) 6 L C R Ls Rs LFE
SMPTE/ITU 6 L R C LFE Ls Rs
DTS 6 L R Ls Rs C LFE
Dolby Surround EX 7 L C R Ls Cs Rs LFE
SDDS 8 L Lc C Rc R Ls Rs LFE



NOTE: delete Image:Jef Kelley Images QT Audio Tracks Assign.png (stupid one)