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[Edit] [🔄Purge] Template-info.png Template documentation
For linking a subject to a collection of quotes on Wikiquote, see Template:Wikiquote .


{{Blockquote}} adds a "Wikipedia logo"block quotation to an article page.

This is easier to type and is more wiki-like than the equivalent "Wikipedia logo"HTML <blockquote>...</blockquote> tags, and has additional pre-formatted attribution parameters for author and source (though these are not usually used in articles; see § Reference citations, below).

Note: Block quotes do not normally contain quotation marks (see "Wikipedia logo"MOS:BLOCKQUOTE).


This template is for actual quotations only.
Do not use it for block indentation of other material; see {{Block indent}} for that purpose.


Basic use: {{Blockquote |text=Quoted material. }}

With attribution displayed: {{Blockquote |text=Quoted material. |author=First M. Last }}

With more attribution: {{Blockquote |text=Quoted material. |author=First M. Last |title="Article Title" |source=''Book Title'' (date) }}

Examples with "multiline":

Especially useful for translated quotes; see notes about this parameter.

  • with "multiline" checkY

{{blockquote|text= {{lang|fr|Ceci n'est pas une pipe.}} This is Not a Pipe. |multiline=yes |author=[[René Magritte]] |title=[[The Treachery of Images]] }}

  • for comparison without "multiline" ☒N

{{blockquote|text= {{lang|fr|Ceci n'est pas une pipe.}} This is Not a Pipe. |author=[[René Magritte]] |title=[[The Treachery of Images]] }}

An ample example:

{{Blockquote|text=Cry "Havoc" and let slip the dogs of war.|character=Mark Antony|author=[[William Shakespeare]]|title=''[[Julius Caesar (play)|Julius Caesar]]''|source=act III, scene I}}
Renders as

Cry "Havoc" and let slip the dogs of war.

— Mark Antony, in William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, act III, scene I


Parameter list

| text      =
| author    =
| title     =
| source    =
| character =
| multiline =
| class     =
| style     =

See also section #TemplateData.

Quoted text

|text = a.k.a. |1 =—The material being quoted, without quotation marks around it. It is always safest to name this parameter (rather than use an unnamed positional parameter), because, otherwise, any inclusion of a non-escaped "=" character (e.g., in a URL in a source citation) will break the template.

Displayed attribution

These parameters are for displaying attribution information below the quote; this should not be confused with citing a source (see § Reference citations, below). These parameters are entirely optional, and are usually used with famous quotations, not routine block quotations, which are usually sourced at the end of the introductory line immediately before the quotation, with a normal <ref>...</ref> tag.

|author = a.k.a. |2 = – optional author/speaker attribution information that will appear below the quotation, and preceded with an attribution dash.

|title = a.k.a. |3 = – optional title of the work the quote appears in, to display below the quotation. This parameter immediately follows the output of |author = (and an auto-generated comma), if one is provided. It does not auto-italicize. Major works (books, plays, albums, feature films, etc.) should be italicized; minor works (articles, chapters, poems, songs, TV episodes, etc.) go in quotation marks (see MOS:TITLES). Additional citation information can be provided in a fourth parameter, |source =, below, which will appear after the title.

|source = a.k.a. |4 = – optionally used for additional source information to display, after |title =, like so: |title="The Aerodynamics of Shaved Weasels" |source=''Perspectives on Mammal Barbering'', 2016; a comma will be auto-generated between the two parameters. If |source = is used without |title =, it simply acts as |title =. (This parameter was added primarily to ease conversion from misuse of the pull quote template {{Quote frame}} for block quotation, but it may aid in cleaner meta-data implementation later.)

|character = a.k.a. |char = – to attribute fictional speech to a fictional character, with other citation information. Can also be used to attribute real speech to a specific speaker among many, e.g. in a roundtable/panel transcript, a band interview, etc. This parameter outputs "[Character's name], in" after the attribution dash and before the output of the parameters above, thus one or more of those parameters must also be supplied. If you need to cite a fictional speaker in an article about a single work of fiction, where repeating the author and title information would be redundant, you can just use the |author = parameter instead of |character =.

Technically, all citation information can be given in a single parameter, as in: |source=Anonymous interview subject, in Jane G. Arthur, "The Aerodynamics of Shaved Weasels", ''Perspectives on Mammal Barbering'' (2016), Bram Xander Yojimbo (ed.) But this is a bit messy, and will impede later efforts to generate metadata from quotation attribution the way we are already doing with source citations. This is much more usable:

|character=Anonymous interview subject
|author=Jane G. Arthur
|title="The Aerodynamics of Shaved Weasels"
|source=''Perspectives on Mammal Barbering'' (2016), Bram Xander Yojimbo (ed.)

Later development can assign a CSS class and so forth to these separate parameters, upon which scripts would be able to operate (e.g. to look up things in WikiQuote).

Rarely used technical parameters

  • |multiline = – keep forced linebreaks in output.
    • Will only be applied if at least one of these other parameters or its aliases is not empty (including implicit, unnamed parameters):
      |author =, |title =, |source =, or |character =.
    • The value does not matter, as long it is not empty. Using a so called speaking parameter (such as true or yes) is highly recommended. Avoid values that can surprise users (e.g. false or no).
  • |style = – allows specifying additional "Wikipedia logo"CSS styles (not classes) to apply to the <blockquote>...</blockquote> element. (See #Nested quotations, below, for the most common use case.)
  • |class = – allows specifying additional HTML classes to apply to the same element.

Reference citations

A "Wikipedia logo"reference citation can be placed before the quote, after the quote, or in the |source = parameter:

Please do not place the citation in a |author = or |source = parameter by itself, as it will produce a nonsensical attribution line that looks like:
     — [1]
Please also do not put it just outside the {{blockquote}} template, as this will cause a:
on a line by itself.


If you do not provide text, the template generates a parser error message, which will appear in red text in the rendered page.

If any parameter's actual value contains an "Wikipedia logo"equals sign (=), you must use a named parameter (e.g. |text="E=MC2" is a formula everyone knows but few understand, not a blank-name positional parameter. The text before the equals sign gets misinterpreted as a named parameter otherwise. Be wary of URLs, which frequently contain this character. Named parameters are always safer, in this and other templates.

If any parameter's actual value contains characters used for wiki markup syntax (such as pipe, brackets, single quotation marks, etc.), you may need to escape it. See {{!}} and friends.

Next to right-floated boxes

As of September 2015, the text of a block quotation may rarely overflow (in Firefox or other Gecko browsers) a right-floated item (e.g. a {{Listen}} box, when that item is below another right-floated item of a fixed size that is narrower. In Safari and other Webkit browsers (and even more rarely in Chrome/Chromium) the same condition can cause the block quotation to be pushed downward. Both of these problems can be fixed by either:

  1. removing the sizing on the upper item and letting it use its default size (e.g. removing ###x###px sizing or |upright = from a right-floated image above a wider right-floated object that is being overflowed by quotation text; or
  2. using |style = overflow:inherit; in the quotation template.

There may be other solutions, and future browser upgrades may eliminate the issue. It arises at all because of the blockquote {overflow: hidden;} CSS declaration in Mediawiki:Common.css, which itself works around other, more common display problems. A solution that fixes all of the issues is unknown at this time.

Vanishing quotes

In rare layout cases, e.g. when quotes are sandwiched between userboxes, a quotation may appear blanked out, in some browsers. The workaround for this problem is to add |style = overflow:inherit; to such an instance of the template.

Line breaks

This template sets a text style which might ignore one blank line, and so the template must be ended with a break (newline) or the next blank line might be ignored. Otherwise, beware inline, as:
     text here {{blockquote|this is quoted}} More text here
spans a blank line, unless a {{blockquote|...}} is ended with a line break, then the next blank line might be ignored and two paragraphs joined.

(This section is transcluded from Template:Blockquote paragraphs)

The <blockquote> element and any templates that use it do not honor newlines:

Line 1
Line 2
Line 3
Line 4

An easy solution is to use the {{poem quote}} template instead of <blockquote>...</blockquote>. This is effectively the same as using the <poem> tag inside <blockquote>, which converts line breaks to <br /> tags:

Line 1
Line 2
Line 3
Line 4

To markup actual paragraphs within block quotations, entire blank lines can be used between them, which will convert to <p>...</p> tags:

Paragraph 1

Paragraph 2

Paragraph 3

Note that it may be necessary to put a line break in the wikitext before <blockquote> and after </blockquote> in order for the paragraphs to render with the intended separation. (This also makes the wikitext easier to read.)

This paragraph style also works with {{blockquote}}, which is a replacement for <blockquote> that also has parameters to make formatting of the attribution more convenient and consistent.

Blockquote and templates that call it, and are indented with colon (:), bulleted with asterisk (*), or numbered with number (#), will generate errors and incorrectly display anything after a newline character.

:<blockquote>Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2</blockquote>
*<blockquote>Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2</blockquote>
#<blockquote>Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2</blockquote>

Nested quotations

The <blockquote>...</blockquote> element has styles that change the font size: on desktop, text is smaller; on mobile, it is larger. This change is relative to the enclosing context, meaning that if you quote from a source that itself uses a block quotation, you'll find that the inner quotation is either really tiny and hard to read, or really large and barely fits on the screen. To fix this issue, add the parameter |style = font-size:inherit; on any inner {{blockquote}} templates.

Technical issues with block templates

"Wikipedia logo"Template:Block bug documentation


Pages where this template is not used correctly populate Category:Pages incorrectly using the quote template. The category tracks tranclusions of Template:Quote that have no text given for quotation or use an equals sign in the argument of an unnamed parameter. It also tracks usage of |class =, |id =, |diff =, |4 =, or |5 =.

Tracking category

Articles that use unsupported parameters are placed in Category:Pages using Blockquote template with unknown parameters (0).


This is the "Wikipedia logo"TemplateData for this template used by TemplateWizard, "Wikipedia logo"VisualEditor and other tools. Click here to see a monthly parameter usage report for this template based on this TemplateData.

TemplateData for Blockquote

	"description": "Adds a block quotation.",
	"params": {
		"text": {
			"label": "text",
			"description": "The text to quote",
			"type": "content",
			"required": true,
			"aliases": [
			"example": "Cry \"Havoc\" and let slip the dogs of war."
		"author": {
			"label": "author",
			"description": "The writer of the source",
			"type": "content",
			"required": false,
			"aliases": [
			"example": "William Shakespeare",
			"suggested": true
		"title": {
			"label": "title",
			"description": "The work being quoted from",
			"type": "content",
			"required": false,
			"aliases": [
			"example": "Julius Caesar",
			"suggested": true
		"source": {
			"label": "source",
			"description": "A source for the quote",
			"type": "content",
			"required": false,
			"aliases": [
			"example": "act III, scene I",
			"suggested": true
		"character": {
			"label": "character",
			"description": "The speaker within the work who is being quoted",
			"type": "content",
			"required": false,
			"aliases": [
			"example": "Mark Antony",
			"suggested": false
        "multiline": {
			"label": "multiline",
			"description": "Keeps forced linebreaks in output",
			"type": "string",
			"required": false,
			"example": "true",
			"suggested":  false
		"style": {
			"label": "style",
			"description": "Additional CSS styles (not classes) to apply",
			"type": "string",
			"required": false,
			"example": "font-size:inherit;",
			"suggested":  false
		"class": {
			"label": "class",
			"description": "Additional HTML classes to apply",
			"type": "string",
			"required": false,
			"example": "pullquote",
			"suggested":  false

See also

Template:Quotation templates