LlJsonGetValue

From Second Life Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Summary

Function: string llJsonGetValue( string json, list specifiers );

Gets the value indicated by specifiers from the json string.
Returns a string made by parsing json, a string representing json and traversing as specified by specifiers.

• string json
• list specifiers

When the input is invalid or no result can be found this function returns JSON_INVALID. If the result is null the function returns JSON_NULL.

Specification

Caveats

  • Manual definition of JSON syntax within LSL does not always parse in the expected way, so be careful to avoid using syntax characters anywhere other than where needed (for example, inside a string.); alternately escape the syntax character and use llUnescapeURL on the retrieved string to convert it back - See bugs.
KBwarning.png Warning: The below comment in regards to speed is unverified on modern simulator versions, and thus cannot be assumed to be true. Always test execution speed claims for yourself.

Important Issues

~ All Issues ~ Search JIRA for related Bugs
   JSON does not correctly handle ] inside strings nested within arrays or } inside strings nested within objects

Examples

default {
    state_entry() {
     
     //below is an example of a JSON=string with a key called "key" and a value "val" 
     string json1 = "{\"key\":\"val\"}";
     llSay(0, llJsonGetValue( json1, ["key"]));//returns "val" in localchat

     string json2 = "{\"mansBestFriend\":\"dog\"}";
     llSay(0, llJsonGetValue( json2, ["mansBestFriend"]));//returns "dog" in localchat
    }
}
JGetValTest(){
    string j="[[1,2],[4,5,6]]";            //JSON may be written directly as a string like this in sl.
    string k;                              //this will change with each command below;
    k=llJsonGetValue(j,[]);                //returns the whole array of a JSON. It might just be one entry or a whole nested array or whole nested object.
    //if "j" is a single JSON_STRING, this may return what the string represents as a JSON within a string; a JSON_NUMBER , JSON_TRUE, TRUE ...

    k=llJsonGetValue("\"3.14\"",[]);       //==k="3,14" (float that was stored in a JSON_STRING within a JSON. and not as JSON_NUMBER for no good reason)
    k=llJsonGetValue("\"TRUE\""     ,[]);  //==k="TRUE" (the value was stored as a JSON_STRING and is thus returned verbatim)
    k=llJsonGetValue(j,[0]);               //returns only the first entry (at offset 0). An entry can be any JSON type,
                                           //each entry being separated by a comma from other entries.
                                           //array and object entries may contain multiple comma separated entries within them.
    k=llJsonGetValue(j,[1]);//returns only the second entry... (all the above still applies) k="[4,5,6]";
    k=llJsonGetValue(llJsonGetValue(j,[1]),[2]);
                                           //instead of getting an entry from "j" we get a sub-entry from llJsonGetValue(j,[1]), 
                                           //assuming the sub-entry is a JSON_ARRAY. It returns the 3rd sub-entry of the second entry, 
                                           //that is an array with 3 entries. it would make k="6". 
                                           //it will return JSON_INVALID if there is no 3rd entry in the 2nd sub-array,
                                           //or no 2nd sub-array.
    k=llJsonGetValue(j,[1,2]);             //Shorter way to do the same as in the previous example.
    k=llJsonGetValue("true",[]);           //Sets k to JSON_TRUE
    k=llJsonGetValue("True",[]);           //Sets k to JSON_INVALID because the JSON constant for 'true' is all lower case
    k=llJsonGetValue("TRUE",[]);           //Sets k to JSON_INVALID because the JSON constant for 'true' is all lower case
    k=llJsonGetValue(JSON_TRUE,[]);        //Sets k to JSON_INVALID. The JSON_xxxx constants are not supposed to be part of
                                           // a JSON string, just values to test against.
}
See also llJsonValueType for examples where the value type is checked before getting the value as that type.

See Also

Functions

•  llList2Json
•  llJson2List
•  llJsonSetValue
•  llJsonValueType

Articles

•  Typecast

Deep Notes

History

Date of Release 20/05/2013

All Issues

~ Search JIRA for related Issues
   JSON does not correctly handle ] inside strings nested within arrays or } inside strings nested within objects

Signature

function string llJsonGetValue( string json, list specifiers );