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Function: string llEscapeURL( string url );

Returns a string that is the escaped/encoded version of url, replacing spaces with "%20" etc. The function will escape any character not in [a-zA-Z0-9] to "%xx" where "xx" is the hexadecimal value of the character in UTF-8 byte form.

• string url A (preferably valid and unescaped URL) string.

To clarify, numbers and ASCII7 alphabetical characters are NOT escaped. If a character requires more then one byte in UTF-8 byte form then it returns multiple "%xx" sequences chained together.

This function is similar to functions (e.g. rawurlencode, encodeURIComponent) found in many other languages: 


The function is not appropriate for escaping a url all at once, because the ":" after the protocol, and all of the "/" characters delimiting the various parts, will be escaped. Instead, build the url in parts; escaping parts of the path and query string arguments as needed.

Sample URL: https://sim3015.aditi.lindenlab.com:12043/cap/a7717681-2c04-e4ac-35e3-1f01c9861322/foo/bar?arg=gra

URL part example
base URL https://sim3015.aditi.lindenlab.com:12043/cap/a7717681-2c04-e4ac-35e3-1f01c9861322
trailing path /foo/bar
query string past the first "?" in the URL arg=gra
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string str = "http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/LSL Portal";
        llOwnerSay("Plain string:\n\t" + str);
        // output: "http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/LSL Portal"
        llOwnerSay("Escaped string:\n\t" + llEscapeURL(str));
        // output: "http%3A%2F%2Fwiki%2Esecondlife%2Ecom%2Fwiki%2FLSL%20Portal"
        llOwnerSay("Escaped string unescaped again:\n\t" + llUnescapeURL( llEscapeURL(str) ));
        // output: "http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/LSL Portal"
        // because escaping and unescaping are exact opposite
        // and unescaping an escaped string returns the original
        //  For readability's sake it would make more sense to do:
        llOwnerSay("For readability's sake:\n\t" + "http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/" + llEscapeURL("LSL Portal"));
        // output: "http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/LSL%20Portal"


  • The SL viewer pretty prints URLs when converting them to clickable links in chat and dialogs. To confirm that a URL was escaped as intended, right-click the URL and copy, then paste to inspect it in the chat bar; or wrap it between "<nolink>...</nolink>"; or examine your chat log in an external editor; or display the string with an alternative function like llSetText.

See Also


• llUnescapeURL


• UTF-8
• Base64

Deep Notes


  • Prior to SL versions, this function was limited to returning a maximum of 254 characters. SVC-470

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function string llEscapeURL( string url );
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